Check If Permission Is Granted Android

Till then stay tuned for more tutorials. If the app can no longer request permission due to "Don't ask again" on permission it will toast a message to. Well, Android developers had it too good for too long and now with the release of Android Marshmallow users are back in control with the introduction of Runtime Permissions, and I honestly think it is for the better. Figure 1: The architecture of the Android platform. If the device is running Android 6. How do I check, if I can use location or not every time I need location info based on user's response for granting location permission. On 7 October, the General Court in Luxembourg granted three Hausfeld clients, French-based search engine Qwant, the Association of German Newspaper Publishers (BDZV) and the Federation of German Magazine Publishers (VDZ), permission to intervene in Google’s ongoing appeal of the European Commission’s July 2018 Google Android Decision. Tap OK to continue. In this tutorial, we show you how to request contact permission and allows to read contacts on Android 6. 0 only dangerous permissions are checked at runtime, normal permissions are not. It's possible to send a notification as follows — here we present a fairly verbose and complete set of code you could use if you wanted to first check whether notifications are supported, then check if permission has been granted for the current origin to send notifications, then request permission if required, before then sending a notification. HasUserAuthorization didn't work for iOS. For some reason this does not work. The ContextCompat. xml, but from Android 6. 0" (if you were not update android sdk this list not appear also) and under "Library" you should have libcocos2dx as your library. In this guide, I have collected almost all possible methods to break/bypass a pattern/PIN/Face protected android device. Android Working with Marshmallow (M) Runtime Permissions. Informing us what phone capabilities — permissions — a third-party app wants before the software is installed, and the opportunity to stop the loading process if we don't like what permissions the new app is suggesting it needs. On devices running API level 23 (Android 6. Therefore in the following example, we would request the user to grant the later two Android permissions at runtime. Tutorial: Setup for Android Development Adam C. 0 and the app is built for API level 23 or above, or when side-loading an. To manage root permissions, activate the SuperSU app. Within this tag, make sure to specify android:required="false" for each feature. When a USB device is connected, Android looks for apps/Activities registered for the USB_DEVICE_ATTACHED event, either in the Manifest or. However there is a way to grant the permission for the app using adb:. This means that you can’t assume the app has access to the permission, even if it had been granted previously. The following files are described: file_contexts seapp_contexts service_contexts property_contexts mac_permissions. xml, but from Android 6. Checking if permissions have been granted already by user in Android Use this to check any permissions you want, either single or multiple permissions at once. API Level 23) came out, it changed how we do business with regards to application permissions. Use these FULL permissions with caution. If it is equal to PackageManager. For beacon apps, two important permissions continue to follow the old model: android. Beginning with Android 6. The most common way to check your Android's root status is by using the free Root Checker app, but you can use a Terminal emulator app to check for root if your Android is running an older operating system between Android 1. How to check and change app permissions on Android If you're ever curious about what your Android VPN—or any other app—can access on your phone, here's how to check: Tap and hold the app. App permissions are the privileges an app has—like being able. This example demonstrates how do I check grant permission at un-time in android. Review the 'Attention' message. I get the message "you do not have permission to access \\PCName. I therefore want to check if the camera has been allowed. Therefore in the following example, we would request the user to grant the later two Android permissions at runtime. Requesting Permissions at Run Time | Android Developers. PERMISSION_DENIED. In the settings, enable the ‘Up to root’ check box. You can revoke a specific permission by making a call to a Graph API. As for the behavior in the app, the big change is from the developer's point of view. So Manifest and we want the Android version,. You can select one or two access users, one permission, and one or no target users. At best, a Band-Aid on a severed limb. 0 version, we need to check every time for permission related task. In Android 4. Is some misbehaving app. You need to check the latter every single time the user taps the 'Upload Photos' button, as Android 6. - Persist/show as toast. If you want to know more, check out the list and discussion of Android app permissions by AndroidForums. But in this case, we need to handle some cases. You can call PermissionsService. Notification problems. In android 6, need to ask permission so that we can get list of video. Confirm Signal is enabled to work when ‘Do not disturb’ mode is on. An activity can be described as a screen where the user interacts with the phone. On an Android smartphone (or tablet) when a user chooses to download an app, they tap the “install” icon and will see a screen that looks like this: Once apps are installed on the phone, users can typically check to see which permissions they have granted by going to the app in the Google Play Store. For apps targeting M and above the user may not grant such permissions or revoke them at any time. Launch the Settings Application. this, android. UK, we’d like to know more about your visit today. In order to manually check this, go to Settings and tap on Apps and notifications. This method will check permission at runtime for Marshmallow & greater than Marshmallow version. This file is used to associate default contexts to files for file systems that support extended file. How to: Use Signal for Android Signal is a free and open source software application for Android, iOS, and Desktop that employs end-to-end encryption , allowing users to send end-to-end encrypted group, text, picture, and audio & video messages, and have encrypted phone conversations between Signal users. xml file to only ask for permission the first time, but i would really like to fully automate the process since the app will be running in a android dongle and it will be inside a sealed box and customer's will not have any access to the device, therefore i need to make this work so that if for some reason the customer unplugs or powers down the device. This method will return a Android. 0: Application's run-time permissions will be granted by default (compatibility mode applies), but the user can change run-time permissions in Android Settings, then you may have a problem. To check app permissions: On your device, open the main Settings app. However, if you don’t know where to find the MAC address of your device, you’ll find it under Settings> About phone. BLUETOOTH and android. Permissions. For apps targeting API lower than M these permissions are always granted as such apps do not expect permission revocations and would crash. So whenever you are working with this dangerous permissions you need to check whether the permission is granted by the user or not and that can be done with the help of PermissionsAndroid in React Native. First, we check the permission, and we execute the tasks if we got the permission. Beginning with Android 4. Android Working with Marshmallow (M) Runtime Permissions. 0 (Marshmallow) and up only ask for permission the first time you use a feature rather than asking for permissions out of context. Make sure to also check the privacy settings for each app before installing. This means that you can’t assume the app has access to the permission, even if it had been granted previously. jar file used by the Eclipse Integrated Development Environment to include these classes. How to request multiple permissions in Android 6. Additionally, you can request permissions with a simple cross-platform async/awaitified API. At best, a Band-Aid on a severed limb. " Obviously, having this level of access granted for a questionable app can negatively impact your privacy and security. contains() API in order to check whether your extension has been granted access to a given origin. If the permission is not granted you can explicity request using ActivityCompat. This means that if the user is on an older version of Android, there's no need to call any of the new runtime permission workflows. Runtime permissions are an Android Marshmallow feature. The permission to access another person’s mailbox is an example of a delegate access permission that can be granted to a user. telephony#CellInfoWcdma} is only available on API Level * {@link Build. Well, we assume that a person who landed this page via Google search must be aware of MAC address location on his device. xml, but from Android 6. As for the behavior in the app, the big change is from the developer's point of view. When first run, it alert permission two times for READ_EXTERNAL_STORAGE. The permissions classified as dangerous affect access to private data of the user, such as location or list of contacts, and require the user to grant them individually when he or she runs the app, not when. Requesting permissions with EasyPermissions#requestPermissions. We have confirmed that Twilight, Lux and Screen Filter are among the apps that cause this issue. So, in Marshmallow and above these dangerous permissions should be granted at run time and the normal permissions are granted automatically. You can also browse the topics below to find what you are looking for. 1 or higher and you install an app requesting the SYSTEM_ALERT_WINDOW permission, it’s granted by default! What this all means is that the only time a user will manually grant the “Draw Over App” permission is if they run Android 6. Check if Permission Granted Users now have the ability to revoke runtime permissions whenever they desire. I'm using a very simple code to download an Image from my localhost : here it is : package com. Handling Runtime permissions in Android. Assessment Methods. Android Studio is used to create the sample. Background. 0 or higher cannot assume that because the user granted permission at some point in the past, that the permission will be valid the next time. If your app needs a dangerous permission, you must check whether you have that permission every time you perform an operation that requires that permission. PERMISSION_GRANTED) { // permission was granted, yay! Do the // contacts-related task you need to do. If you are a savvy enough Android user to have root access to your phone,. Massive Phishing Attack Targets Gmail Users. 0 or above, add the following code in your activity file to ask the application users to grant Android permissions at runtime. Tutorial for Runtime Permissions in Android Marshmallow with example. If yes, check whether the user has enabled "Don't ask again". It's really an interesting security feature. Samsung has kept this functionality intact with their version of Android and TouchWiz on the Galaxy S7 and the S7 Edge so let me show you how it works. Free If you use Android, you have a Google Account, and that means you have access to the excellent Google Drive cloud storage service. The same steps can be used for integration into an existing application. See if there's an app that should have certain permission granted. Android check permission for LocationManager I'm trying to get the GPS coordinates to display when I click a button in my activity layout. 0 (API level 23), users grant permissions to apps while the app is running, not when they install the app. On an Android smartphone (or tablet) when a user chooses to download an app, they tap the “install” icon and will see a screen that looks like this: Once apps are installed on the phone, users can typically check to see which permissions they have granted by going to the app in the Google Play Store. User can revoke the granted permission through Settings will check runtime permission. Important: "Send on Behalf" of permissions can only be granted to one person at a time. We always show a dialog to explain why we need the permission. In the Android world, permissions follow the definition to the letter. But on some devices of Xiaomi, Meizu. Google is blaming/ stopping devs from data overreach (Understandable), while freely doing the same. The community will help you. For this the following method needs to be called on every permission. How to check and change app permissions on Android If you're ever curious about what your Android VPN—or any other app—can access on your phone, here's how to check: Tap and hold the app. CheckSelfPermission method (available with the Android Support Library) is used to check if a specific permission has been granted. Disabling permissions with stock Android is an illusion. How to enable different dangerous permissions at once in single dialog on application startup time in android programmatically. One change is called permission model changes, i. 1) Android Permissions. Microsoft Outlook 2013: Calendar Permission Levels and their meaning FULL permission means the user can Read, Edit, and Delete appointments/meetings. Keep your phone safe: How to protect your Android smartphone from viruses Discover simple and free steps to ensure your smartphone is secure and virus-free, including free software for BT. In this guide, we will show you how to grant root permissions to apps from Kinguser on Android phone. You can use the EU Exit: ID Document Check app to complete the identity stage of your application under the EU Settlement Scheme. Now question comes in how we are going to know that user allowed or denied the permission. Enable Developer Mode: Go to Android Settings -> About Phone and look for the Build Number option. When a USB device is connected, Android looks for apps/Activities registered for the USB_DEVICE_ATTACHED event, either in the Manifest or. Figure 1 shows a list of permissions granted to the legitimate application. - Some devices such as the CAT B15Q running kitkat seem to have issues creating the necessary folders on the SD Card, if after the above you still don't have your. Shows the notification outside the notification center for a set amount of time in a floating div. To ensure the prompt delivery of WhatsApp messages and notif. You can grant root access to a specific application or remove root access from a specific application on Android phone. How to Receive and Handle SMS on Android This article is useful for you if you want to develop your own SMS (or another service) handler. " Now if I set up another user id on W7, I can access both V1 and V2. I selected both ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION and ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION permissions in manifest. In addition, Root Checker will verify whether the su binary is properly functioning in granting root (superuser) access. Android M Permissions. If the app can no longer request permission due to "Don't ask again" on permission it will toast a message to. Keep in mind that this list doesn't include all of the Android permissions we request or all of our uses of those permissions. Check Point researchers spotted a flaw in one of Android’s security mechanisms. Since Android 6. Success case: We get the permission, cool, let's go on. While installing this application on mobile devices targeting below API level 23, it should show like the following. External storage memory card is available in android device Marshmallow support. Here you can check all apps you have installed, grouped by permission. And we're gonna check that this is not equal to. The Permission request dialog will not launch automatically. WRITE_SETTINGS permission, it will then popup the Can modify system settings panel to let user to change the permission to yes. In order to use Android service, you need to ask the user to accept the ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION permission. The color may vary. The user can grant or deny each permission, and the app can continue to run with limited capabilities even if the user denies a permission request. API Level 23) came out, it changed how we do business with regards to application permissions. This level of control seems more important now than. xml, but from Android 6. Also, updates include changes in permissions granted to the app(s) to access private information on your Android device. HasUserAuthorization didn't work for iOS. Fix all Android system issues like Android App not installed, system UI not working, etc. This is why the android:maxSdkVersion="18" attribute is included in the permission request in the manifest file. PERMISSION_GRANTEDになりません。. In order to manually check this, go to Settings and tap on Apps and notifications. How do I check, if I can use location or not every time I need location info based on user's response for granting location permission. Request Check Multiple Runtime Permissions at once in android Marshmallow. And if this is false, then we do have the permission and we can make our call. If you're so worried about files on your phone that you feel. You need to check the latter every single time the user taps the 'Upload Photos' button, as Android 6. Android users with devices running 6. PERMISSION_DENIED. Android comes with a set of predefined permissions (System permissions) for certain tasks. Here's how to manage permissions by group. Fix File Permissions on Android Devices. Step 1 − Create a new project in Android Studio, go to File ⇒ New Project and fill all required details to create a new project. If an Android app needs to use resources or information outside of its own sandbox, the Android app has to request the appropriate permission. If the permission is not granted you can request the user by adding this code in your activity. The above method leverages the method checkSelfPermission(String perm). Anyway, Android is not the problem, because I'm an Android developer and I can create a simple plugin that calls checkSelfPermission. If your Android is rooted, you have more freedom to install tweaks and access system files. Android apps are built to perform a set of actions, some of them. We have confirmed that Twilight, Lux and Screen Filter are among the apps that cause this issue. If at least 1 permission is not granted. For app developers and publishers, the biggest change they will need to integrate and test is how Android will now handle app permissions. You can check if a permission has been previously granted by calling checkSelfPermission before using a feature that will require that permission. Disabling permissions with stock Android is an illusion. American Restaurant Granted Permission to Sell Dog Meat? Some states ban the consumption of pets, but laws about eating uncommon meats vary from jurisdiction to jurisdiction and most commonly fall. Applications need to ask the permission at runtime while it is running and also have to provide enough contexts on why the permissions are required. This tutorial is designed for you to gain a basic understanding of the DJI Mobile SDK. 0, the Android permissions checking mechanism has been changed. Downloaded apps designed for Android 6. At best, a Band-Aid on a severed limb. pas unit) to request permissions from the users passing a routine that will be called. Content available under the CC-By 3. " Obviously, having this level of access granted for a questionable app can negatively impact your privacy and security. So in my main code from where i want to check write following :. An app permission request on Marshmallow. Generally, unless your permission says otherwise, you have three years from the date it's granted to begin the development. The docs are incredibly long but there is a lot to digest when it comes to the new permission model in Android 6. External storage memory card is available in android device Marshmallow support. Therefore in the following example, we would request the user to grant the later two Android permissions at runtime. Here's how you can put controls on what your apps are allowed to do on Android, iOS, Windows, and macOS. Starting from Android 6. This permission is not intended for use in third-party apps. Here you can check all apps you have installed, grouped by permission. During the troubleshooting I wanted to check if the permission for those stored procedures were explicitly denied for the SQL Server Agent/Job owner account. In Figure 5 and Listing 5, we add a new button for saving the result into an audio file and try to use checkSelfPermission to make sure the permission specified in the manifest file is granted; in other words, the permission status for Manifest. That settings page could also revoke the publish_actions permission at the same time. Kid: Kabhi naam nahi puchha,. Have USB debugging enabled on your mobile phone, or disable & re-enable USB debugging. 0 version for android mobile. 0" (if you were not update android sdk this list not appear also) and under "Library" you should have libcocos2dx as your library. At the top of the screen, it displays the total amount of space your Android device has, the total amount of user/system space that is currently in use, and the total amount of space available on your Android device. In our previous tutorial we have learn about requesting single runtime permission on application start, but now in this tutorial we would going to Request Multiple Runtime Permissions in our application. The New Runtime Permission. If they aren't, you need to add code to prompt the user to grant these permissions. This option will update all apps on your Android at once. You will see a list of permissions the app requests, and whether those permissions are toggled on or off. Choosing App Permissions. For this the following method needs to be called on every permission. WRITE_SECURE_SETTINGS" Added in API level 3. Starting from Android 6. Check if the permission was granted Now, in this callback you will check if the permission was granted:. Activity; import android. This allows the system to sandbox them from critical resources and gives the user some indication of what havoc they might reap. How can I check if the user has enough. Android Marshmallow includes a new functionality to let users grant or deny permissions when running an app instead of granting them all when installing it. Here's how to manage permissions by group. Creators of Mac, iPad, and iPhone productivity software. How do I check, if I can use location or not every time I need location info based on user's response for granting location permission. The ContextCompat. However there is a way to grant the permission for the app using adb:. Besides, Android is rising as the most extended operating system in this viewpoint because of different reasons. Proud to bring you OmniFocus, OmniOutliner, OmniGraffle, and OmniPlan. A set of permissions that applications can request, as well as permission enforcements included in the system; Each successive version of the Android platform can include updates to the Android application framework API that it delivers. For some reason this does not work. Check if Permission is already granted : Lets check permission for ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION, if permission is granted then it will display toast else it will ask user to Allow or Deny the Location permission. As Android uses the Linux kernel, rooting an Android device gives similar access to administrative permissions as on Linux or any other Unix-like operating system such as FreeBSD or macOS. This level of control seems more important now than. PACKAGE_USAGE_STATS") is granted. So, if you are working on API less than 21, use the old Camera API(android. Apple has warned iOS 13 users of a new security bug that allows installed third-party keyboards to upload and access your data without permission. permission-group. Within the PermissionDemoActivity. An activity can be described as a screen where the user interacts with the phone. Introduction This article explains how to check an internet connection in Android. Others expose the status to web pages when they try to use the API, like the [geolocation-API] which fails if the permission was not granted without allowing the developer to check beforehand. You can change both, global settings as well as settings for individual apps. It's simple to check the SDK version before making the call to an API by using the Build. Otherwise, from your home screen, tap the Menu button, then Settings. In Android Q, the location permission has the unique ability to be granted only when an app is in use. Notification problems. Within this tag, make sure to specify android:required="false" for each feature. User can revoke the granted permission through Settings will check runtime permission. Here's how to manage permissions by group. OverDrive, Inc. Permissions are requested at runtime instead of before app installation. 0 Marshmallow permissions model, in addition to defining permissions at installation, users must also allow or deny access to different features at runtime. Granted – The specified permission has been granted. Android uses permission groupings for permissions marked as “dangerous” to manage the level of access granted to an application and choose the message to be displayed to the user. Ensure Hidden Cache is ticked. The vast majority of Android users probably won't have to make use of the Android SDK, however, it is useful if you wish to learn more about the Android operating system and even then it's still a handy tool to have in case something goes wrong. So, if you are working on API less than 21, use the old Camera API(android. xml, but from Android 6. In this post, I am going to explain how to turn ON/OFF NFC by using the android APIs. Therefore in the following example, we would request the user to grant the later two Android permissions at runtime. 他のアプリの上に重ねて描画することを許可しても、PackageManager. Normally the app start by asking for this permissions at launch, but if the user denies the access for the camera I need to know and check that later. If so, we check if the first (and only) permission was granted. Before Android 6, the app did not need to check whether a permission was granted (all were automatically granted when you download the app). This option will update all apps on your Android at once. Microsoft Outlook 2013: Calendar Permission Levels and their meaning FULL permission means the user can Read, Edit, and Delete appointments/meetings. 0 and higher gives users the ability to revoke a previously-granted permission at any time. Get Firefox If you haven’t previously confirmed a subscription to a Mozilla-related newsletter you may have to do so. Unlock your phone otherwise the android recovery may not be able to access your phone, and your may not notice the prompt to grant superuser permission to android recovery from your phone. Make sure all of Signal's permissions are granted. This method will check permission at runtime for Marshmallow & greater than Marshmallow version. Version 6 of Android introduced runtime permissions. GitHub is home to over 40 million developers working together to host and review code, manage projects, and build software together. Dangerous permissions are grouped into categories that make it easier for the user to understand what they are allowing the application to do. Maybe only WordPress itself can throw notices like that. Anyway, Android is not the problem, because I'm an Android developer and I can create a simple plugin that calls checkSelfPermission. Samsung has kept this functionality intact with their version of Android and TouchWiz on the Galaxy S7 and the S7 Edge so let me show you how it works. If your device uses Android 6. Android permissions used to be a mess, but modern versions of Android have simplified them greatly. permission-group. A geofence is a virtual perimeter set on a real. You can touch to change its permissions. ACCESS_NETWORK_STATE required by ConnectivityMannager to use getActiveNetworkInfo(). Instructions to Check if your Android phone is Rooted or Not. Besides, Android is rising as the most extended operating system in this viewpoint because of different reasons. Next step is to add a permission into AndroidManifest. You will see a list of permissions the app requests, and whether those permissions are toggled on or off. If you’d prefer to only check for an update for a single app, skip to the next step. If yes, check whether the user has enabled “Don’t ask again”. Android applications permissions for your phone. The User Role Search function allows searching specific roles granted to users. No checks with the user are done while an application is running: it either was granted a particular permission when installed, and can use that feature as desired, or the permission was not granted and any attempt to use the feature will fail without prompting the user. 0 or above, add the following code in your activity file to ask the application users to grant Android permissions at runtime. The docs are incredibly long but there is a lot to digest when it comes to the new permission model in Android 6. You’ll usually find it on the home screen or in the app drawer. - Persist/show as toast. Now, Android has an iOS-style permission system in which you grant apps access to certain features, hardware, or data as it needs them. Here you can check all apps you have installed, grouped by permission. In above example when you click the button, if this application do not has android. Google Android news and discussion forums for the Android platform. Background. Keep in mind that this list doesn't include all of the Android permissions we request or all of our uses of those permissions. You can choose any value you want. Figure 1: The architecture of the Android platform. Enable Developer Mode: Go to Android Settings -> About Phone and look for the Build Number option. INTERNET permission is required by an Android application to connect to the Internet. You’ll usually find it on the home screen or in the app drawer. Here’s a list of all the Android permissions and what they mean to you:. x remain granted after updating to Android 6. There are many user-permissions in Android but I am. The user can grant or deny each permission, and the app can continue to run with limited capabilities even if the user denies a permission request. Check If your application is Running Above or on Android 6. } return; } // other 'case' lines to check for other // permissions this app might request }} 4. Confirm Signal is enabled to work when ‘Do not disturb’ mode is on. If your app needs dangerous permission every time you need to check the permission, you are running the code. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: